Code Manager uses r10k and the file sync service to stage, commit, and sync your code, automatically managing your environments and modules.
First, create a control repository with branches for each environment that you want to
create (such as production, development, or testing). Create a Puppetfile for each of your environments, specifying
exactly which modules to install in each environment. This allows Code Manager to create directory environments, based on the
branches you've set up. When you push code to your control repository, you trigger Code Manager to pull that new code into a staging code
/etc/puppetlabs/code-staging). File sync then picks up those
changes, pauses Puppet Server to avoid conflicts, and then
syncs the new code to the live code directories on your primary server and
For more information about using environments in Puppet, see About Environments.
Understanding file sync and the staging directory
To sync your code across your primary server and compilers, and to make sure that code stays consistent, Code Manager relies on file sync and two different code directories: the staging directory and the live code directory.
Without Code Manager or file sync, Puppet code lives in the codedir, or live code directory, at
/etc/puppetlabs/code. But the file sync
service looks for code in a code staging directory (
/etc/puppetlabs/code-staging), and then syncs that to the live codedir.
Code Manager moves new code from source control into the staging directory, and then file sync moves it into the live code directory. This means you no longer write code to the codedir; if you do, the next time Code Manager deploys code from source control, it overwrites your changes.
Environment isolation metadata and Code Manager
Both your live and staging code directories contain metadata files that are generated by file sync to provide environment isolation for your resource types.
These files, which have a
.pp extension, ensure that each environment uses the correct version of
the resource type. Do not delete or modify these files. Do not use expressions from
these files in regular manifests.
These files are generated as Code Manager deploys new code in your environments. If you are new to Code Manager, these files are generated when you first deploy your environments. If you already use Code Manager, the files are generated as you make and deploy changes to your existing environments.
For more details about these files and how they isolate resource types in multiple environments, see environment isolation.
Moving from r10k to Code Manager
Moving from r10k to Code Manager can improve the automation of your code management and deployments.
Some users might not want to upgrade from r10k to Code Manager because of the following differences:
- If you use Code Manager, you cannot deploy code
manually with r10k. If you depend on the ability to
deploy modules directly from r10k, using the
r10k deploy modulecommand, continue using r10k.
- Code Manager must deploy all control repositories to the same directory. If you are using r10k to deploy control repositories to different directories, continue using r10k.
- Code Manager supports the shellgit provider, but only for HTTPS. It does not support system .SSH configuration or other shellgit options.
- Code Manager does not support post-deploy scripts.
If you rely on any of the above configurations currently unsupported by Code Manager or if you are using a custom script to deploy code, carefully assess whether or not Code Manager meets your needs.