What is Session Logging?

PuppetDB’s default log level only contains successfully negotiated HTTP or HTTPS connections. Sessions that do not make it to the application-layer are closed without a log entry. This is normally desired behavior but may inhibit troubleshooting of sessions that are expected to work but fail, or unexpected traffic that impairs the service but leaves no trace. By enabling session logging, these failed connects can be seen and inspected.

Session logging can be very noisy and possibly impact availability of the PuppetDB node. It is best enabled as needed and disabled after troubleshooting is completed.

Foreground debugging

Running PuppetDB in the foreground will enable all logging, including session logging. It is extremely noisy but extremely simple to setup. Stop the daemonized service, then run puppetdb foreground --debug as root. A connection that fails to negotiate will show up in the output and look similar to:

2016-01-05 01:09:31,132 DEBUG [qtp296414558-71] [o.e.j.s.HttpConnection]
javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: null cert chain
    at sun.security.ssl.Handshaker.checkThrown(Handshaker.java:1431) ~[na:1.8.0_60]
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLEngineImpl.checkTaskThrown(SSLEngineImpl.java:535) ~[na:1.8.0_60]
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLEngineImpl.readNetRecord(SSLEngineImpl.java:813) ~[na:1.8.0_60]
    at sun.security.ssl.SSLEngineImpl.unwrap(SSLEngineImpl.java:781) ~[na:1.8.0_60]
    at javax.net.ssl.SSLEngine.unwrap(SSLEngine.java:624) ~[na:1.8.0_60]
    at org.eclipse.jetty.io.ssl.SslConnection$DecryptedEndPoint.fill(SslConnection.java:516) ~[jetty-io-9.2.10.v20150310.jar:9.2.10.v20150310]
    at org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpConnection.onFillable(HttpConnection.java:239) ~[jetty-server-9.2.10.v20150310.jar:9.2.10.v20150310]
    at org.eclipse.jetty.io.AbstractConnection$2.run(AbstractConnection.java:540) [jetty-io-9.2.10.v20150310.jar:9.2.10.v20150310]
    at org.eclipse.jetty.util.thread.QueuedThreadPool.runJob(QueuedThreadPool.java:635) [jetty-util-9.2.10.v20150310.jar:9.2.10.v20150310]
    at org.eclipse.jetty.util.thread.QueuedThreadPool$3.run(QueuedThreadPool.java:555) [jetty-util-9.2.10.v20150310.jar:9.2.10.v20150310]
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) [na:1.8.0_60]

When troubleshooting is complete, cancel the foreground job (commonly ctrl+c/^C) and restart the daemonized service.

Daemonized Debugging

To selectively enable session logging, or to make it part of your permanent configuration, the file logback.xml inside the puppetdb directory (e.g. /etc/puppetlabs/puppetdb/logback.xml) must be edited. Inside the configuration element, add a logger element for org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpConnection with a level of debug:

<configuration scan="true">
    # Existing content here
    <logger name="org.eclipse.jetty.server.HttpConnection" level="debug"/>
</configuration>

Restart the service. Failed connections will now log to puppetdb.log or puppetdb-access.log, depending on protocol, in the configured logdir (e.g. /var/log/puppetlabs/puppetdb/puppetdb.log and /var/log/puppetlabs/puppetdb/puppetdb-access.log).

Caveats

PuppetDB will still only log sessions that make it to the java process. Attempts that are blocked by a firewall such as iptables or directed to an IP address that PuppetDB is not listening to will not be seen. Review the firewall or OS logs for those session logs.

The additional logging, especially if the PuppetDB ports are made available to the public, may have non-trivial implications for load on the node and hence availability. This logging is only recommended during active troubleshooting, not during normal operation.

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