Can I migrate my data from ActiveRecord storeconfigs or from an existing PuppetDB to a new instance?

Yes. At this time, you can only migrate exported resources from ActiveRecord, and you can migrate catalogs from an existing PuppetDB. For more information, see Migrating Data for more information.

PuppetDB is complaining about a truststore or keystore file. What do I do?

There are several related causes for this, but it boils down to PuppetDB being unable to read your truststore.jks or keystore.jks file. The former file contains the certificate for your certificate authority, and is what PuppetDB uses to authenticate clients. The latter contains the key and certificate that PuppetDB uses to identify itself to clients.

The short answer: you can often fix these problems by reinitializing your ssl setup by running /usr/sbin/puppetdb ssl-setup -f. Note that this script must be run after a certificate is generated for the puppet agent (that is: after the agent has run once and had its certificate request signed). A common problem is installing PuppetDB before the Puppet agent has run, and this script will solve that problem, and many others.

The long answer: if the puppetdb ssl-setup command doesn’t solve your problem or if you’re curious what’s going on under the covers, you can manage this configuration by hand. The locations of the truststore and keystore files are set with the keystore and truststore options in the config file. There should also be settings for key-password and trust-password. Make sure the keystore.jks and truststore.jks files are where the config says they should be, and that they’re readable by the user PuppetDB runs as (puppetdb for an open source installation, pe-puppetdb for a Puppet Enterprise installation). Additionally, you can verify that the password is correct using keytool -keystore /path/to/keystore.jks and and entering the key-password. Similarly, you can use keytool -keystore /path/to/truststore.jks to verify the truststore.

The PuppetDB dashboard gives me a weird SSL error when I visit it. What gives?

There are two common error cases with the dashboard:

  • You’re trying to talk over plaintext (8080) and PuppetDB’s not listening

By default, PuppetDB only listens for plaintext connections on localhost, for security reasons. In order to talk to it this way, you’ll need to either forward the plaintext port or change the interface PuppetDB binds on to one that is accessible from the outside world. In the latter case, you’ll want to use some other means to secure PuppetDB (for instance, by restricting which hosts are allowed to talk to PuppetDB through a firewall).

  • You’re trying to talk over SSL and nobody trusts anybody else

Because PuppetDB uses the certificate authority of your Puppet infrastructure, and a certificate signed by it, PuppetDB doesn’t trust your browser, and your browser doesn’t trust PuppetDB. In this case, you’ll need to give your browser a certificate signed by your Puppet CA. Support for client certificates is varied between browsers, so it’s preferred to connect over plaintext, as outlined above.

Does PuppetDB support Puppet apply?

Yes. The setup is quite different to the normal master based setup, so [consult the documentation][connect_puppet_apply] for more details.

Why is PuppetDB written in Java?

Actually, PuppetDB isn’t written in Java at all! It’s written in a language called Clojure, which is a dialect of Lisp that runs on the Java Virtual Machine. Several other languages were prototyped, including Ruby and JRuby, but they lacked the necessary performance. We chose to use a JVM language because of its excellent libraries and high performance. Of the available JVM languages, we used Clojure because of its expressiveness, performance, and previous experience with the language on our team.

Which versions of Java are supported?

The officially supported versions are OpenJDK 1.7 and Oracle JDK 1.7. Other versions may work and issues will be addressed on a best effort basis, but support is not guaranteed.

Which databases are supported?

PostgreSQL is the recommended database for production use. PuppetDB also ships with an embedded HyperSQL database which is suitable for very small or proof of concept deployments. As with our choice of language, we prototyped several databases before settling on PostgreSQL. These included Neo4j, Riak, and MySQL with ActiveRecord in Ruby. We have no plans to support any other databases, including MySQL, which lacks important features such as array columns and recursive queries.

I may have a corrupt KahaDB store. What does this mean, what causes it and how can I recover?

If PuppetDB throws an exception while the application starts or while receiving a command it may be due to KahaDB corruption. The exception generally has some mention of the KahaDB libraries (, for example:

You should consult the Troubleshooting guide for Kahadb for details on how to rememdy this.

PuppetDB daemon shuts down, with a “Cannot assign requested address” error. What does this mean, and how do I fix it?

FAILED [email protected]: Cannot assign requested address Cannot assign requested address

PuppetDB will error with this message if the IP address associated with the ssl-host parameter in the jetty.ini isn’t linked to a known interface - or resolvable.

Why is the load so high on the database server?

There could be many reasons for a high load on the database server. The total number of nodes managed by Puppet, the frequency of the agent runs, the amount of changes to the nodes on each run etc. One possible cause of execessive load on the database server is a low catalog duplication rate. See the PuppetDB dashboard to find this rate for your PuppetDB instance. If this rate is significantly lower than 90%, see Why is my catalog duplication rate so low?.

Why is my catalog duplication rate so low?

The catalog duplication rate can be found on the dashboard. Typically that percentage should be 90% or above. If that percentage is lower, it could cause a much heavier I/O load on the database. Refer to the Troubleshooting Low Catalog Duplication guide for steps to diagnose the problem.

My puppet master is going slow since enabling PuppetDB. How can I profile it?

In Puppet 3.x a new profiling capability was introduced that we have leveraged in the PuppetDB terminus client code. By simply adding profile=true to your puppet.conf you can enable detailed profiling of all apsects of Puppet including the PuppetDB terminus. For this to work you must enable debugging on your master instance as well.

Of course use your common sense, any profiling mechanism will add more load which can increase your problems when you already have limited capacity. Enabling profiling in production should only be done with care and for a very short amount of time.

All PuppetDB profiling events are prefixed with PuppetDB: so can by easily searched for. This information is helpful to our developers to debug performance issues also, so feel free to include these details when raising tickets against PuppetDB.

I’m getting ‘java.lang.InternalError’ in the PuppetDB log after updating openjdk

We have seen this error when the nss package has not been installed or is out of date. To fix this, install/update nss using your package manager.

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