Writing facts with aggregate resolutions

Aggregate resolutions allow you to split up the resolution of a fact into separate chunks.

By default, merges hashes with hashes or arrays with arrays, resulting in a structured fact, but you can also aggregate the chunks into a flat fact using concatenation, addition, or any other function that you can express in code.

Main components of aggregate resolutions

Aggregate resolutions have two key differences compared to simple resolutions: the presence of chunk statements and the lack of a setcode statement. The aggregate block is optional, and without it merges hashes with hashes or arrays with arrays.

  1. A call to Facter.add(:fact_name, :type => :aggregate):

    • Introduces a new fact or a new resolution for an existing fact with the same name.

    • The name can be either a symbol or a string.

    • The :type => :aggregate parameter is required for aggregate resolutions.

    • The rest of the fact is wrapped in the add call’s do ... end block.

  2. Zero or more confine statements:

    • Determine whether the resolution is suitable and (therefore is evaluated).

    • They can either match against the value of another fact or evaluate a block.

    • If given a symbol or string representing a fact name, a block is required and the block receives the fact’s value as an argument.

    • If given a hash, the keys are expected to be fact names. The values of the hash are either the expected fact values or an array of values to compare against.

    • If given a block, the confine is suitable if the block returns a value other than nil or false.

  3. An optional has_weight statement:

    • Evaluates multiple resolutions for a fact from highest weight value to lowest.

    • Must be an integer greater than 0.

    • Defaults to the number of confine statements for the resolution.

  4. One or more calls to chunk, each containing:

    • A name (as the argument to chunk).

    • A block of code, which is responsible for resolving the chunk to a value. The block’s return value is the value of the chunk; it can be any type, but is typically a hash or array.

  5. An optional aggregate block:

    • If absent, automatically merges hashes with hashes or arrays with arrays.

    • To merge the chunks in any other way, you need to make a call to aggregate, which takes a block of code.

    • The block is passed one argument (chunks, in the example), which is a hash of chunk name to chunk value for all the chunks in the resolution.

Example: Building a structured fact progressively

This example builds a new fact, networking_primary_sha, by progressively merging two chunks. One chunk encodes each networking interface’s MAC address as an encoded base64 value, and the other determines if each interface is the system’s primary interface.
require 'digest'
require 'base64'

Facter.add(:networking_primary_sha, :type => :aggregate) do

  chunk(:sha256) do
    interfaces = {}

    Facter.value(:networking)['interfaces'].each do |interface, values|
      if values['mac']
        hash = Digest::SHA256.digest(values['mac'])
        encoded = Base64.encode64(hash)
        interfaces[interface] = {:mac_sha256 => encoded.strip}
      end
    end

    interfaces
  end

  chunk(:primary?) do
    interfaces = {}

    Facter.value(:networking)['interfaces'].each do |interface, values|
      interfaces[interface] = {:primary? => (interface == Facter.value(:networking)['primary'])}
    end

    interfaces
  end
  # Facter merges the return values for the two chunks
  # automatically, so there's no aggregate statement.
end
The fact’s output is organized by network interface into hashes, each containing the two chunks:
{
  bridge0 => {
    mac_sha256 => "bfgEFV7m1V04HYU6UqzoNoVmnPIEKWRSUOU650j0Wkk=",
    primary?   => false
  },
  en0 => {
    mac_sha256 => "6Fd3Ws2z+aIl8vNmClCbzxiO2TddyFBChMlIU+QB28c=",
    primary?   => true
  },
  ...
}

Example: Building a flat fact progressively with addition

Facter.add(:total_free_memory_mb, :type => :aggregate) do
  chunk(:physical_memory) do
    Facter.value(:memoryfree_mb)
  end

  chunk(:virtual_memory) do
    Facter.value(:swapfree_mb)
  end

  aggregate do |chunks|
    # The return value for this block determines the value of the fact.
    sum = 0
    chunks.each_value do |i|
      sum += i
    end

    sum
  end
end

Example: Custom facts with dot notation

4 introduces a new way to write aggregate custom facts by using dot notation in a fact name. automatically combines the two facts and creates a structured fact. The advantage of this method, is that if one fact throws an exception, and the rest of the facts resolve successfully, still creates a hierarchy with the facts that got resolved. For example:

Facter.add('myorg.my_group_1.fact1') do
  setcode do
    'fact1_value'
  end
end

Facter.add('myorg.my_group_1.fact2') do
  setcode do
    'fact2_value'
  end
end
Results to:
myorg => {
  my_group_1 => {
    fact1 => "fact1_value",
    fact2 => "fact2_value"
  }
}